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Labor Laws (Alabama)

Last Reviewed: March, 2007

Labor laws, or employment laws, are laws relating to the rights and responsibilities of workers.

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Labor Laws (Alabama): Summary

Alabama Right to Work Law

  • The right of a person to work in Alabama cannot be denied based on whether they are a member of a labor union or other labor organization.  (Alabama Code 25-7-30). 

  • Specifcally, no person may be required to be a member of any labor union or organization, and an employer cannot require the payment of union dues or dues to any labor organization as a requirement for employment.   (Alabama Code 25-7-32

  • At the same time, employers may not require that an employee abstain from membership in a labor union or organization as a condition of their employment.  (Alabama Code 25-7-33

Jury Duty of Employees

  • No employer may discharge any employee solely because he serves on any federal or state jury provided that the employee reports back to work on his next regularly scheduled hour after being dismissed from any jury.  (Alabama code 12-16-8.1)
  • Any employee who receives a jury summons shall show the summons to his immediate supervisor and is to then be excused from employement for the amount of time required for jury service. 
  • The employee is to be paid their regular compesnsation for employment less the fee received for serving as a juror. (Alabama Code 12-16-8

Alabama Child Labor Laws

  • Employers must obtain work permits for all minors under 18 years of age and keeps the work permits on file. Permits are required all year.  Work permits are issued at most high schools throughout the state, if the local school cannot issue the permit, the county or city board of education can issue the permit. The teen may obtain an application form for a work permit from school or at our web site, then the employer then must complete the application, the form is returned to the school for a permit to be issued.
  • During the months when public schools are in session, 14- or 15-year-olds may not work during school hours, they can work between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. and no more than three hours on a school day.  They may not work more than a total of 18 hours per week.  During the summer months when public schools are not in session, a minor may work up to eight hours per day between 7 a.m. and 9 p.m., but not more than 40 hours per week. 
  • 16- 17-or 18-year-olds who are enrolled in high school, may not work before 5 a.m. or after 10 p.m. on a night preceding a school day (Sunday through Thursday). If the teen has completed high school or is no longer in school there are no hour restrictions. 
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Labor Laws (Alabama): FAQs

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